Air conditioning provides relief from the oppressive heat of summer, and there are a variety of different types of air conditioning systems available to suit any budget or home size. From split systems to ductless air conditioners, the options are plentiful. Keep reading to learn more about the different types of air conditioning systems and how they work.
Split Unit System
Split-unit HVAC systems are some of the most common units installed in homes today. So, what is a split system air conditioner? A split air conditioning system is an air conditioning system that is split into two separate units, one indoor and one outdoor. The indoor unit is typically mounted on the wall or ceiling and contains the evaporator coil, blower fan, and air filter. The outdoor unit houses the condenser coil, compressor, and expansion valve.
The two units are connected to each other by a network of copper pipes and insulated electrical wiring, allowing the refrigerant gas and power to flow between the two. Split air conditioning systems are the most common type of air conditioning system. They are ideal for cooling residential homes. Additionally, split unit systems are much quieter than other types of air conditioning systems. This is due to the fact that the outdoor unit can be placed away from living areas like bedrooms and living rooms.
Package HVAC Unit System
A package HVAC unit is a system that is self-contained in one unit. It is a complete HVAC system that is installed in one place, usually outdoors, such as on a roof or on the side of a building. Package HVAC systems are commonly used for commercial and industrial applications, as well as for some residential applications.
Package HVAC systems have a single cabinet that contains all the components of the system, including the air handler, condenser, evaporator coil, blower, and other components. The air handler is responsible for filtering, heating, and cooling the air that is circulated throughout the space. The condenser is responsible for removing heat from the air, while the evaporator coil absorbs heat to be used in the heating process. The blower is responsible for circulating the air through the system.
They are also typically easier to install and maintain than split systems, as all the components are in one unit. This can also help save on costs, as only one unit needs to be purchased and installed.
Ductless Mini-Split System
Ductless mini-split systems are becoming increasingly popular due to their flexibility and ease of installation. Additionally, given the rising cost of electricity, mini-split systems are becoming more popular due to their efficiency. Ductless mini-split systems are composed of two main components. The indoor unit is mounted inside the home, usually on the wall or ceiling, and is responsible for cooling the air. The outdoor unit is mounted outside the home and is responsible for providing the energy required to power the system. A copper refrigerant line connects the indoor and outdoor units.
The main advantage of installing a mini-split system is the ability to cool or heat individual rooms or areas of the home without having to install or maintain ductwork throughout the entire house. This is especially useful for older homes that may not have the necessary ductwork in place.
In addition to being efficient and cost-effective, ductless mini-split systems also offer a greater degree of flexibility when it comes to installation and customization. Each indoor unit can be controlled independently, allowing you to customize the temperature of each room or area of the home separately.
In general, there are numerous types of air conditioning systems that have varying benefits and features that make them suitable for different applications. Understanding the differences between these systems is essential in order to make the right choice in terms of comfort, energy efficiency, and cost.