Difference Between Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes

Difference Between Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes in Rockville is the mother of all illnesses. This is a chronic condition where the patient has high blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia). The endocrine part of the pancreas is responsible for secreting the hormone insulin. More precisely, the beta cells of the pancreas secrete insulin. 

In the case of type 1 diabetes mellitus, the beta cells are damaged, and due to this, the body does not produce insulin and requires it externally. The immune system damages the beta cells, as antibodies have been created due to genetic mutation. 

In type 2 diabetes mellitus, the body’s cells become resistant to the insulin, or the insulin loses its sensitivity. In this case, the beta cells function fine, they produce insulin, but this insulin is of no use or takes time to perform its action. 

Both forms of diabetes have two things in common: chronic illnesses and the 3 P’s ( polyphagia, polyuria, and polydipsia). 

Symptoms of Diabetes

Both forms of diabetes mellitus have many symptoms in common, but the 3 P’s mentioned above are seen in patients with either type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus. 

Blurry vision, fatigue, wounds that do not heal quickly, and more are all possible symptoms of both types. Different patients have different symptoms. In the case of type 2 diabetes mellitus, the patient may be asymptomatic. The patient may not observe any symptoms until complications arise, as there is insulin resistance available that is working very slowly. However, in the case of diabetes mellitus type 1, the symptoms develop quickly (in a few days or weeks), as there is no insulin in the body, glucose starts to accumulate and thereby causes hyperglycemia.

Risk Factors for Diabetes

Type 1: The most common risk factors include: 

  1. Family History: Having a parent or a sibling with diabetes mellitus type 1.
  2. Genetics: The presence of abnormal genes can also be responsible for type 1 diabetes. 

Type 2: The list of risk factors is very long for type 2 diabetes. Some of the most common risk factors have been mentioned below: 

  1. Obesity
  2. Inactive lifestyle
  3. Polycystic ovary syndrome
  4. Gave birth to a baby weighing more than nine pounds

Treatment of Diabetes

Both forms of diabetes have different treatment methods 

  • Type 2 – The patient can treat diabetes through the following methods:
  1. Lifestyle Changes: Regular workouts can increase glucose utilization by the muscles and tissues and thereby lower blood glucose levels. 
  2. Oral Antidiabetics
  3. Human Insulin
  • Type 1 – This form of diabetes requires insulin externally. This cannot be treated with changes to a lifestyle or a diet, or oral antidiabetics. 

You may contact your doctor for further guidance on the treatment of diabetes.

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